The rise of industrial Belgium
factors were decisive for the breakthrough of industry in the 19th century?
Franz Xaver Zobl investigated industrial development in France and Belgium in
search of these determining factors. As part of his PhD at the London School of
Economics (LSE), he studied the importance of access to coal and markets to
explain regional patterns of Belgian industrialization. His analysis shows that
both access to coal and markets played a crucial role. In general, more
attention must be paid to supply and demand to explain industrialization
processes. Zobl based his statistical analysis on the extensive industry census
of 1896 made available by Lokstat. Recently,
the doctoral dissertation from 2018 has become freely available to interested readers
in full and without restrictions (see below).
Xaver. Regional Economic Development
under Trade: Liberalisation, Technological Change and Market Access: Evidence
from 19th century France and Belgium. PhD thesis, London School of
Economics (LSE), 2018.