Culling the herds


Used database:



November 2018


Scientific publication


In their article entitled “Culling the herds”, Adam Sundberg and Filip Van Roosbroeck compared government measures against the rinderpest outbreak of 1769-1785 in the Austrian and the Northern Netherlands. The researchers calculated the mortality rate of the livestock in both regions based on, among other things, statistics on land use from the POPPKAD database. According to the authors, the different socio-ecological structures and the divergent practices in commercial agriculture played a more important role in the spread of the disease than the policies implemented by the different governments.


Van Roosbroeck, Filip, and Adam Sundberg. “Culling the herds? Regional divergences in rinderpest mortality in Flanders and South Holland, 1769-1785”. TSEG/The Low Countries Journal of Social and Economic History 14, no. 3 (2018): 31–55. 


“The cattle disease rinderpest devastated Europe throughout the eighteenth century. The practice of preventative slaughter, or stamping out, has been seen as the most effective method of containing the disease. Historians frame this strategy as a measure of the effectiveness of centralized bureaucracy in handling epidemic outbreaks. The Austrian Netherlands, which enacted a stamping out policy during the rinderpest epidemic of 1769-1785, is often cast opposite the decentralized Dutch Republic, which did not. That mortality was more severe in Holland than in Flanders is interpreted as a consequence of this difference. This article compares the disease management of Flanders and South Holland as well as the differential mortality of cattle in the initial years of the outbreak. We argue that stamping out should not be used as the standard for evaluating effective management. Both South Holland and Flanders relied on a high degree of state intervention. No strategies were universally effective. Explanations must be sought in regional socio-ecological structures. Rather than a consequence of state action or inaction, rinderpest mortality responded to the movement of cattle for pasturing and trade, structural differences in land use, and the resultant divergences in agricultural practices and herd management. Rather than state intervention, extensive commercial cattleholding explains the highly variable mortality.”